Zionism Do you know the moral to the story of the tortoise and the hare? Is it slow and steady wins the race? Or is it that cockiness gets you nowhere?
Zionism Essay Zionism Essay The term Zionism is derived from the Hebrew word Zion, an appellation for the city of Jerusalem and sometimes symbolically the Zionism essay of Israel that appears in the Bible and throughout Jewish religious literature.
It was coined in by Jewish publicist Nathan Birnbaum in his journal Selbstemanzipation. Rather than a single coherent doctrine or political program, Zionism encompasses a constellation of ideologies and factions, set along a wide political spectrum, with varied tactics and goals.
The Jewish national movement came into being in the context of the breakdown of the traditional Jewish community in modern times, the influence of Enlightenment and liberal thought, the tensions of Emancipation in western and central Europe, and the rise of nationalist movements throughout Europe.
It has concerned itself theoretically with a rejection of the Jewish Diaspora and the analysis of anti-Semitism, and practically with Zionism essay revitalization and resettlement of the Jewish nation.
In general, Zionism has striven for liberation from persecution, the establishment of a Jewish national home, and the recovery of national dignity and self-esteem. Historical Legacy Throughout the centuries, Jews maintained a deep connection to the land of Israel.
Emerging in the later decades of the nineteenth century, modern Zionism represented a significant break with traditional Jewish religious values and expectations, rejecting the theological interpretation of Jewish history, the notion of exile as divine decree and attendant withdrawal from political affairs, and the culture of the ghetto.
Zionism rejected the traditional theological account of galut exile and the justification of Jewish powerlessness. Anti-Semitism One of the central elements of Zionist theory was a diagnosis of the nature and persistence of anti-Semitism.
In the wake of the Russian pogroms of and the precarious condition of Emancipation elsewhere in Europe, evidenced by growing anti-Semitic movements in German-speaking countries and the Dreyfus affair in France, some Jewish intellectuals came to believe that the Jews were hated, not on account of their religion, but because of their nationality.
Therefore, neither religious reform nor conversion could provide a viable solution to the Jewish question. Responding to the Russian pogroms ofphysician and activist Leon Pinsker argued in his pamphlet Auto-Emancipation that anti-Semitism or Judeophobia was a mass psychological response to the abnormal situation of the Jews.
They therefore incurred the fear and hatred of the native population. The solution would be for the Jews to become a normal nation, through concentration in their own territory, though Pinsker doubted that the land of Israel would be suitable for this purpose.
Herzl maintained that the vast majority of Jews would be unable to assimilate, and would thus always remain an irritant in their respective societies.
The solution to this problem would be the relocation of Jews to an underdeveloped territory, the establishment of a Jewish homeland that would serve as a refuge for the surplus Jewish population of Europe. Herzl regarded the plight of the Jews as an international political problem to be dealt with chiefly through diplomacy rather than through small-scale settlement and Jewish philanthropic projects.
Herzl hoped to obtain a charter that would grant international recognition to a Jewish territory, and worked to create the infrastructure of a political movement: Other thinkers engaged in the revitalization of Jewish culture included radicals such as Micah Joseph Berdyczewski, Joseph Hayyim Brenner, and Jacob Klatzkin, who struggled to liberate Jewishness from the religious tradition and the ghetto culture that they believed had stifled its spirit.
Its leading ideologists were the utopian socialist Nachman Syrkin, Ber Borochov, who developed a synthesis of Marxism and Zionism, and A.
Labor Zionism was responsible for the development of the collective kibbutz movement, and much of the leadership of the Jewish settlement in Palestine and later of the state of Israel came from this group.
While early activities for a reinvigorated settlement in Palestine had rabbinic sanction, the movement for a secular national revival and political activity met with significant resistance from traditional religious quarters.
Many Orthodox Jews regarded the Zionist movement as a secular messianic heresy. This opposition found institutional expression in the Agudah Israel movement, founded in A religious Zionist faction, the Mizrahi, emerged into work alongside the secular groups in the World Zionist Organization.
Other religious authorities, such as Rav Abraham Isaac Kook, the Chief Rabbi of Palestine under the British Mandate, saw in the Zionist movement the beginnings of the redemptive process, and therefore advocated an alliance with the secular pioneers. The State Of Israel Opponents of Zionism, particularly in the Arab world, have regarded the movement as a Western transplant and have criticized what they regard as an illegal occupation of Arab land and the displacement of a large part of the indigenous population leading to the Palestinian refugee problem.Zionism and the Creation of Israel.
Home / Free Essays / ESSAY SAMPLE ON Zionism and the Creation of Israel TOPICS SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU. Order now. The foundations of Zionism: Persecution To understand why so many Jewish people were warm to the idea of Zionism was, it is necessary to know some of the long history of persecution that has.
Zionism Essay The term Zionism is derived from the Hebrew word Zion, an appellation for the city of Jerusalem (and sometimes symbolically the land of Israel) that appears in the Bible and throughout Jewish religious literature.
Political Zionism and Theodor Herzl Influence - Zionism is a political organization that dated back in the Jewish and Judaism history; however, after , Theodor Herzl is said to have redefined it the political Zionism, hence he is referred by historians as the father of political Zionism.
Zionism Essay From the beginning of the 20th century to the establishment of Israel in , the World Zionist Organization (WZO) struggled to create a Jewish state in Palestine.
After Theodor Herzl, the father of modern Zionism, died in , Chaim Weizmann assumed leadership of the WZO for most of the following three decades.
Read this Miscellaneous Essay and over 88, other research documents. Zionism. Do you know the moral to the story of the tortoise and the hare? Is it slow and steady wins /5(1). Zionism is a political movement whose origin can be traced back to and it was founded by Theodor Herzl.
The purpose of this movement was to ensure that the Jews returned to Eretz Yisrael (Zion) which they believed is their ancestral land; however this brought a lot of friction between the Jews and the Israelites and this conflict is still witnessed to date.